Elderberry ( Sambucus nigra ) is a plant belonging to the Caprifoliaceae family that grows throughout Europe; therefore, it is possible to find it both in the plains and in the mountains.
It is characterized by fragrant flowers with a typical creamy white color and by fruits that have the appearance of small black berries, which can be harvested until the end of September.
Its name derives from the Greek word sambuché which indicates a musical instrument. In fact in the past it was precisely from the hollow branches of the plant that a kind of flute was obtained.
Always used for therapeutic purposes, in the Germanic peoples it was called the pharmacy of the Gods. In addition, recipes for elderberry-based medicines dating back to ancient Egypt have been found.
PROPERTIES AND BENEFITS
Elderberry is a plant characterized by many therapeutic properties. Its use dates back to very ancient times. The plant mainly uses flowers, berries, leaves and bark. It is used in the phytotherapeutic field as a diaphoretic (for diseases affecting the respiratory system ), anti-inflammatory and diuretic.
Thanks to its strong diaphoretic properties, that is, it is able to increase body sweating, this plant can be effectively used to combat colds, fever and inflammation of the respiratory tract, such as bronchitis.
Antibacterial and Antiviral
It has antibacterial and antiviral properties that can help relieve some types of allergy and boost the immune system. A study conducted in Ireland has scientifically demonstrated the plant's antibacterial properties.
The flowers of the plant are known to be a good natural remedy for herbal allergies. In herbal medicine, the elderflower has been included in the list of the most effective herbs for treating symptoms similar to hay fever.
It also appears that the flower is a good detoxifier and is good for the liver .
INFUSION WITH ELDERBERRY FLOWERS
If elderberry is taken in the form of an infusion, it is usually recommended to soak 2-4 grams of the drug in about 150 ml of boiling water and leave it all to infuse for at least five minutes.
The product thus prepared can be taken several times during the day, especially in the afternoon and in the evening.