ALCOOL & FEGATO: quali sono gli effetti? Ecosalute

ALCOHOL & LIVER: what are the effects?

What effect does a few drinks too many have on the liver ?

The liver is the organ that has as its main task the liver purification, but it is also a place where the metabolization of what we consume takes place.

Alcohol abuse , even if episodic, causes an accumulation of fat in the liver which is commonly called fatty liver , this accumulation makes it more susceptible to the onset of inflammatory states . Generally, the risk and severity of liver damage are closely related to the amount of alcohol consumed.

But why does this happen?

When alcoholic beverages are consumed, these are transformed in the liver and during their metabolization substances are generated that can damage it and consequently, the greater the quantities of alcohol consumed, the greater the damage caused.

The symptoms of alcoholic hepatitis are different, among the main abdominal pain, fever, but also nauseated, vomiting or diarrhea, often concentrated with some fever, jaundice and fatigue.

In addition to hepatic steatosis, or the accumulation of fat in the liver, two other types of damage can occur such as alcoholic hepatitis or cirrhosis.

How much alcohol are you currently consuming?

It often happens that you pay attention to what you eat but very little to what you drink.

To get a better idea of ​​how much alcohol you consume, always consider alcohol strengths.

  • Beer: between 2 and 7%

  • Wine: between 10 and 15%

  • Liqueurs: between 40 and 45%

However, in the typical portions of these drinks the alcohol content is very similar, even if the quantities of liquid are very different:

  • Can of beer (about 360ml): about 5-25ml of alcohol.

  • Glass of wine (about 150 ml): about 20-30 ml of alcohol.

  • Small glass of spirits (or a typical mixed cocktail) (about 45 ml): about 15 ml of alcohol.

In addition to the excessive consumption of alcohol, even an incorrect diet and the genetic traits of each can influence, it is thought that alcohol-related liver disease has a genetic basis and that some subjects are more predisposed than others . In fact, women are much more prone to the onset of liver damage due to a matter of size. Studies show that women can be considered at risk if they consume roughly half as much alcohol as men, i.e. if they consume 20 to 45 ml of alcohol per day .
In short, indulging in a glass of bubbles every now and then you can indulge yourself, but it is necessary to be aware of what we can cause to our body in the long run.