We often hear about intestinal dysbiosis but do we actually know what it is?
It consists in an alteration of the enzymes and bacterial flora that live inside the intestine, also called intestinal microbiota, which causes a series of symptoms not only intestinal but also extraintestinal. For example, swelling, constipation, diarrhea, reduced strength, general malaise, mood changes, sleep disturbances, up to frequent cystitis and vaginal candida in women.
Any change (called dysbiosis ) in the balance of the intestinal bacterial population negatively affects the state of health, including obesity, food allergies and intolerances, inflammatory, cardiovascular and metabolic diseases.
The alteration of the microflora, therefore, causes an anomaly and a reduction in the body's defenses. Dysbiosis is a situation of intestinal disorder where the good bacteria are diminishing. The causes of dysbiosis are various and all linked to lifestyle, especially food: stressful rhythms, a little varied diet, rich in refined foods and low in fiber (fruit and vegetables), antibiotic therapy, bacterial and viral intestinal infections, metal poisoning heavy.
Another cause is physical activity: in fact, a sedentary lifestyle negatively affects the composition of the microbiome. Even drugs can greatly affect our microbiota, as they kill both the bacteria responsible for the disease and the "good" bacteria that live with us in the body.
What are the remedies?
If not treated, dysbiosis can cause serious disorders related to liver and kidney functions. It can induce irritable bowel syndrome, inflammation of the intestinal mucosa with increased permeability of the intestinal wall.
Those suffering from food intolerances often suffer from dysbiosis. A good rest is also essential: poor sleep management and an altered sleep-wake rhythm lead to a reduction of the good bacteria present in the intestine and an imbalance in favor of pathogenic bacteria.
One of the main remedies for this alteration is to correct one's eating style, not through a diet but through a real change in eating habits. The intake of particular probiotics (lactic ferments) , useful for rebalancing the intestinal flora threatened by the presence of mycotic microorganisms.