Pain associated with the menstrual cycle is generally referred to as dysmenorrhea .
In some cases the pain is easily controlled by taking painkillers; for some women, however, it is an extremely debilitating problem, which can interfere with normal daily activities and compromise the quality of life.
Menstrual pain usually occurs with intense cramps localized to the lower abdomen. When dysmenorrhea appears, accompanied by fatigue , nausea , vomiting , headache and general malaise , it can become unbearable.
What are the causes?
It is mainly girls under 20 , women with heavy periods or who have an irregular flow , those who have never had children or whose mothers suffer or have suffered from dysmenorrhea ( familiarity ).
The pain is caused by the increased release of prostaglandins, molecules that cause muscle contractions in the uterus.
The onset of the painful cycle could also be due to a concomitant inflammatory process characterized by an excessive release of mast cells , cells that intervene "degranulating" when there is an inflamed tissue that needs to be repaired, in this case the uterine endometrium.
What are the symptoms?
Among the typical symptoms of dysmenorrhea, intense pain appears first, with moments of greatest suffering and moments in which the pain is less, affecting the lower part of the abdomen. The painful symptoms can extend to the lower back, even to the lower limbs, and can be associated with nausea, vomiting, dizziness , intense sweating and in some cases even dysentery .
In the case of primary dysmenorrhea , pain usually begins 1 or 2 days before menstruation and lasts for 12-72 hours, decreases with the passing of the years and can completely disappear after the first pregnancy.
In the case of secondary dysmenorrhea , however, the pain can start earlier and last longer, even during menstruation, without being associated with other symptoms.
How to fix it: The solution is found in nature
These pains can be caused and / or accentuated by various physical, emotional and mental factors but there are various remedies to alleviate them, such as nutrition and herbal medicines.
It has in fact been shown that a diet based on reduced quantities of refined sugars and rich in fruits and vegetables , fish and oil seeds (which provide a good amount of vitamin B and Omega 3) can relieve the pain associated with this disorder.
It is also good to limit nerve drinks, such as tea, coffee, and alcohol.
Even the intake of magnesium can prove to be the winning strategy, since it has an antispastic and relaxing action on the uterine muscles , thus helping to reduce cramps and abdominal tension.
Finally, plants such as turmeric, with strong and renowned anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, have proved to be ideal for counteracting disorders related to the menstrual cycle and reduce painful symptoms, especially if associated with magnesium.
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