Geranium ( Pelargonium graveolens) is a plant that is also commonly referred to as Hollyhock, Pink Geranium, Pelargonium or Flower Growers Geranium.
It is a perennial herbaceous plant native to Africa but cultivated in all temperate zones. The flowers are medium-small, mauve, with carmine spots on the upper petals, very abundant.
As for the meaning, the etymology of the name "Pelargonium" derives from the Greek "pelargòs" which means "stork", due to the shape of its fruit which recalls the stork's beak.
The history of perfume and ornamental geraniums began in the 1700s when this plant was discovered in Africa. The first pink geraniums were imported to England by the Duchess of Beaufort, to obtain the perfume. Thus the industries for the production of the essence of Geranium with steam distillation were born. This essential oil, in fact, is one of the basic raw materials for perfumery.
The essential oil is extracted from the leaves of the geranium and is used as a perfume in many cosmetics, because it is very reminiscent of the scent of the Rose . Although its scent is very pleasant to men, it is unpleasant to all insects and for this reason it is used as an ingredient to repel mosquitoes in the summer.
In addition to being an excellent mosquito repellent, Geranium essential oil has numerous properties :
It turns out to be an excellent product in case of oily or impure skin or to increase concentration particularly in those periods of severe stress and mental fatigue.
In synergy with other essential oils such as Citronella, Lavender and Lemon, its anti-mosquito and insect repellent action is enhanced.
It can be used in diffusion or mixed in a percentage of 2% in a cream or vegetable oil to spread on the body.