FATTY LIVER: THE RULES YOU MUST KNOWFatty liver disease (fatty liver) is the infiltration of fat in the liver , mainly in the form of triglycerides, which accumulate in the liver cells in quantities that exceed 5% of the weight of the liver itself.
It often occurs completely asymptomatically, but it is possible to identify the disorder through liver ultrasound or blood tests (elevated transaminase values).
Accumulation of fat is generally in connection with excessive alcohol use, following a nutrient-poor diet, excessive weight gain or metabolic diseases, such as diabetes mellitus.
THE RECOMMENDED DIET
- Choose foods that are high in fiber, low in simple sugars and low in saturated fat.
- Cook without added fat, preferring cooking methods such as: steam, grill, griddle or pressure cooker.
- Avoid periods of prolonged fasting, always try to have regular meals.
- Try to have three meals and two snacks daily, to better control the sense of hunger / satiety and reduce blood sugar spikes.
- With the doctor's consent, it is recommended to take antioxidant-based supplements, Omega 3 and vitamins, in particular Vitamin E, C vitamin And vitamin D.
FOODS TO AVOID
- Alcohol, spirits and sugary drinks.
- Fruit juices, because they naturally contain simple sugars even if they bear the words “no added sugars”.
- White sugar, brown sugar, jam and honey.
- Sweets such as cakes, pastries, biscuits, shortbreads, puddings, candies.
- Fruit in syrup, candied fruit, fruit mustard.
- Bakery products containing the term "vegetable fats" (generally containing saturated vegetable oils: palm and coconut).
- Fast-food foods rich in hydrogenated (trans) fats also present in many industrially prepared products and ready-made dishes.
- Animal fats: butter, lard, lard and cream.
- Offal: liver, brain, kidney, kidney, heart.
- Sausages with a high content of saturated fats, salami, sausage, mortadella, etc. in addition to the fatty parts of the meat.
- Mayonnaise and other elaborate sauces