The well-being of the bones for women is fundamental as throughout the course of their life they are conditioned by physical changes dictated by hormonal imbalances that affect their integrity.
With the arrival of menopause, due to the drop in estrogen, disorders of the osteoarticular system such as osteoporosis may appear. In fact, the decline in estrogen significantly intervenes in bone remodeling, a process by which the "old" bone is replaced by a "new" one, to keep it healthy.
During menopause, bone is not completely replaced but bone mass of 2-3% is lost. In the long run, in addition to bone loss, there is also greater bone fragility and an increased risk of fractures. In addition, estrogen regulates the absorption of calcium in the intestine, which is reduced with menopause.
HOW TO INTERVENE?
Calcium and phosphorus are contained in bones and are needed to keep bones hard and firm. An adequate supply of calcium and phosphorus and of various hormones (parathyroid hormone, growth hormone, calcitonin, estrogen and testosterone) allows to maintain the right bone density.
Vitamin D is essential for absorbing calcium from food and depositing it in the bones.
Vitamin D is not a true vitamin, but a group of steroid prehormones that are responsible for regulating the metabolism of calcium and phosphorus. The most important form is vitamin D3 or cholecalciferol , which is synthesized in animal organisms from cholesterol.
The main function of vitamin D is to promote the reabsorption of calcium in the kidney, the intestinal absorption of phosphorus and calcium and the processes of bone mineralization.
In addition to menopause, there may be other causes that lead to vitamin D hypovitaminosis and are:
- Living in places where sunlight is lacking
- Pregnancy and breastfeeding: during this phase the woman is deficient as she passes it to the baby with breastfeeding.
- Spending a lot of time indoors or wearing very opaque clothing
ADVICE IN THE DAILY
- Expose yourself to the sun
- Balanced diet : to maintain weight and good bone health.
- Practicing sports: to burn excess calories and promote a better function of the heart, vessels, lungs, muscles and bones. Excessive physical exertion is not necessary, a 40-minute brisk walk every day is more than enough.